When gum recession occurs, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. When gum recession is a problem, gum grafting reconstruction techniques are an option.
When there is only a minor gum recession, there is usually enough healthy gum to protect the tooth. No treatment is needed other than to modify home care practices. However, when recession reaches the mucosa, the first line of defense against bacterial penetration is lost. Gum grafting is often needed in this circumstance.
Additionally, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods. There is also an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. When significant gum recession develops, the gums can predispose to worsening recession and expose the root surface. The root is softer than enamel and can lead to root caries (cavities) and root gouging.
Before and After Gum Grafting.
A gum graft solves the problem of gum recession. The periodontist takes a thin piece of tissue from the roof of the mouth to graft over the receded gum. Another option is to gently move gum tissue over from an adjacent area to provide a stable band of attached gum around the tooth. The gum graft covers the exposed portion of the root to provide support protection to the tooth.
The gum graft procedure is highly successful and results in a stable, healthy band of attached tissue around the tooth.